Energy consumption and environmental protection

Energy Consumption

In 2014, JSC FPC, in line with its Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency Improvement Programme, continued its long-standing efforts aimed at reducing operational costs through better fuel and energy use.

As part of the Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency Improvement Program of JSC FPC for 2013-2015, the Company installed new metering equipment at 24 energy metering points in 2014. With this equipment installed, the Company’s divisions started to pay to steam and oil suppliers based on actual consumption reported by the meters.

In 2014, the Company purchased 300 next-generation L-type steel solid-rolled wheel pairs from Vyksa Steel Works. According to the results of field testing and reports by Railway Transport Research Institute and Rolling Stock Research, Design and Technology Institute, the wheels were 20% more wear resistant, which meant less repair costs and a longer service life.

In the reporting year, experiments were done to show that new materials and lubricants increased the number of kilometers a generator drive reducer could run without oil change up to 300k km.

The Company continued its work on treating the water sections of boiler houses and heat and water supply systems connected to passenger carriage depots and areas using the energy method, which allows for increasing heat output by 1.5 times and reducing fuel consumption by 8%. In 2014, that method was used at eight boiler houses run by JSC FPC.

In the reporting year, the operational testing of 20 carriages equipped with ASLO, an automated radiant heating system, was completed. The system proved to be efficient and safe for humans and the environment; it can be installed as an addition to the standard heating systems in passenger carriages. The testing showed a 5.7 times reduction in electricity consumption in the main heating system of a carriage (17.6% of the standard consumption in a standard carriage), a 1.5 times reduction in coal consumption, a better quality of heating and better microclimatic conditions both for passengers and attendants. JCS FPC is planning to deploy ASLO in its passenger carriages.

The Company went on working on improving energy efficiency. In 2014, as part of the Moscow-Kievskaya carriage depot renovation project, a modern LED lighting system, with a section-by-section illumination intensity management capability, was installed. That helped reduce division’s energy consumption by 30% and improve the level of comfort for the depot staff through better lighting in the depot shops.

Aiming to ensure a consistent fuel and electricity use planning and consumption policy, save employees’ working time and improve the quality of decision-making at the management level through a quicker delivery of latest information, in 2014 JSC FPC invested in the development and operational testing of an automated fuel and energy management solution (ASU TER).

Fuel and Energy Use Highlights

Fuel Unit of measure 2012 2013 2014 2014/2013 Change
Electricity million kWh 154.3 152.4 144.4 –5.3%
Diesel thousand tons 2.6 2.5 2.2 –11.9%
Coal thousand tons 192.2 164.7 146.4 –11.1%
Furnace oil thousand tons 28.9 27.6 27.0 –1.9%
Natural gas million cub. m 28.3 27.5 25.9 –5.9%
Petrol thousand ton 1.7 1.6 1.5 –9.5%
Total thousand ons of fuel equivalent 284.8 260.9 241.1 –7.6%

Environmental Protection

Environmental protection and negative impact minimisation are among JSC FPC’s priorities. In its environment-related activities, the Company is guided by the applicable laws of the Russian Federation and the Environmental Strategy of JSC RZD to 2017 and, in the long run, to 2030. The Strategy implies a 35% reduction of the negative environmental impact by 2015 and a 70% reduction by 2030.

To reduce the man-made impact relating to passenger service, the Company took efforts to modernise rolling stock and facilities in its divisions.

Aiming to prevent tracks from being polluted and maintain an adequate level of sanitation at infrastructure facilities, the Company bought only carriages equipped with environmentally friendly green toilets. Such toilets were also installed in carriages that were undergoing an overhaul. In 2014, 274 carriages with green toilets were bought. The total number of carriages with such toilets achieved 7,770 or 82% of the fleet used in year-round trains.

To reduce air emissions, the Company has been equipping carriages with pellet fuel-fired boilers; 583 carriages has been completed so far. In addition, there is a procurement programme, which involves buying carriages with centralised energy supply. There were 682 carriages purchased by January 01, 2015.

The Company took steps to reduce the amount of water it used for operational needs and protect the water bodies involved. In 2014, Company’s divisions discharged 80.96k cubic meters of wastewater (2013: 75.99k cubic meters), 66.3k cubic meters of which complied with all the water-quality standards that applied.

Water use by Company’s divisions, including for operational needs, decreased by 0.646 million cub. m to 8.598 million cub. m in 2014.

Air emissions were reduced by 3.9% in 2014.

Waste volume was reduced by 0.4% in 2014 against 2013, which was achieved through a reduction of the volume of solid domestic waste and outsourcing of some operations.

Contaminated Waste Water Discharge, thousand cub. m

Regulatory Clean Waster Water Discharge, thousand cub. m

Water Use, million cub. m

Air Emissions, thousand tonnes

Waste Volume, thousand tonnes

In 2014, the Company invested about RUB 730 million into projects directly or indirectly affecting the scale of the environmental impact.

Aiming to reduce the sources of discharge negatively affecting the centralised water discharge systems, the Company implements programmes involving renovation of water treatment facilities and carriage-washing facilities, including the installation of water recirculation systems and local water treatment facilities.

In 2014, the Company did the following environmentally-relevant work:

  • Renovation of the carriage-washing facility at the Chelyabinsk Passenger Carriage Depot of the South Ural Branch.
  • Renovation of the water treatment facilities of the Severobaikalsk carriage washing facilities, including the installation of a recirculation system.
  • Renovation of the carriage washing facility at the Adler Passenger Carriage Depot of the North Caucasus Branch.
  • Installation of pellet fuel-fired boilers in passenger carriages.

Implementing the above measures aimed at improving the Company’s environmental performance will allow for a reduction of emissions (discharge) and a decrease in the overall negative impact on the environment. Committed to improving its environmental performance and reducing the negative environmental impact, the Company is planning to take the following steps in 2015:

  • Develop a conceptual framework for the environmental strategy of JSC FPC.
  • Develop an automated system for management of environment protection activities.
  • Continue to implement environmentally-relevant projects, including renovations of water treatment and carriage washing facilities, purchase of new rolling stock with green toilets and centralised heating, installation of automated radiant heating systems and pellet fuel-fired boilers in carriages and replacing the fuel fired by boiler houses with a more environmentally friendly one.